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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have developed a close, interdependent relationship with the land, water and living resources of Australia through customary fishing practices over tens of thousands of years. That relationship includes indigenous rights and responsibilities of particular indigenous groups to particular areas of land, water and resources.

Fishing by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people covers the full spectrum of fishing practices: customary, recreational and commercial.

Indigenous Reference Group

In 2012 the FRDC established an Indigenous Reference Group to help bring together a Fisheries and Aquaculture Research and Development Plan.